Recently my friend and I had a task to design theme for a local Linux distribution. The Linux distro is based on a popular Linux flavor shipped with both GNOME and KDE desktop environments. During this work, I need to have a GNOME desktop available for working and testing the theme components: application theme, window border, background, login manager, icons, etc. While I could only access to a Linux and/or FreeBSD desktop in my office, I have to install GNOME desktop on my MacBook, so I can manage to do the theme design anytime.
I had Fink installed on my MacBook, but the GNOME package available is too old. Its version is still 2.6, or so. So I have to find out other alternatives and found that on MacPorts (formerly called DarwinPorts) the GNOME port is already available at version 2.18. I grab MacPorts and install it on my MacBook.
Very simple step-by-step how-to is in the following…
After MacPorts installed, make sure you have updated MacPorts installation with the latest ports tree. on Terminal window run:
$ sudo port selfupdate
After the MacPorts and its ports tree are updated, you can start install GNOME. To do so, run:
$ sudo port install gnome
That command installs gnome with all of it dependencies. After finished create or edit (if already available)
.xinitrc file in your home directory. The file should look like this:
# make sure X11 is MacPorts and /usr/local aware PATH=$PATH:/opt/local/bin:/opt/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/sw/bin export PATH # make the freedesktop menu entries work export XDG_DATA_DIRS=/opt/local/share export XDG_DATA_HOME=/opt/local/share export XDG_CONFIG_DIRS=/opt/local/etc/xdg # use Metacity window manager exec metacity & # start GNOME exec dbus-launch gnome-session
To start GNOME, run X11. GNOME desktop runs like in the following pictures:
GNOME 2.18 running on top of Darwin, side by side with Mac OS X 10.4.10. Installed via MacPorts. Apple’s X11 displays GNOME with full screen mode, this make the Mac menu bar on the top invisible.
More detailed information can be found here